The IELTS process task is designed to test your ability to compare and contrast information shown in a process diagram, or flow chart.
- Sequencing words: (first, subsequently, after that, finally).
- Describing the location of objects.
- Passive form. This is where the sentence starts with the object and the subject of the sentence is often missed out (especially for a man-made process where the subject is often unknown)
- Verbs of process: Verbs are needed to describe putting things in, taking them out, changing one thing into another, or throwing away waste items. (inserted, extracted, transformed into, discarded)
- Articles: Every countable noun needs an article (a, an, the).
𝘛𝘩𝘦 𝘥𝘪𝘢𝘨𝘳𝘢𝘮 𝘣𝘦𝘭𝘰𝘸 𝘴𝘩𝘰𝘸𝘴 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘤𝘦𝘴𝘴 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘳𝘦𝘤𝘺𝘤𝘭𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘱𝘭𝘢𝘴𝘵𝘪𝘤 𝘣𝘰𝘵𝘵𝘭𝘦𝘴.
The process diagram illustrates how plastic bottles are recycled. Overall, there are nine steps starting with bottles being thrown in the trash and ending with products being made from the recycled plastic, whereupon the process restarts.
The first three steps involve collecting and sorting plastic. This begins with plastic bottles being thrown into garbage bins. Next, garbage trucks collect these bins. Subsequently, the plastic bottles end-up in a recycling centre where they are sorted by hand into bottles that can be recycled and bottles that cannot.
The next three stages focus on preparing the recyclable plastic. This begins with compressing the recyclable plastic bottles together. These compressed blocks are then fed into a grinder that crushes them and transfers them into a tank where they are washed. Subsequently, plastic is put into a machine that transforms them into pellets.
Looking at the remaining stages, the plastic pallets are heated and turned into raw material suitable for making plastic products. After this, finished products are created from the raw material. Some finished goods may end up being thrown out into trash cans and subsequently re-entering the recycling process.
𝗙𝗥𝗘𝗘 𝗣𝗗𝗙: [model answers and homework tasks]