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IELTS reading test with answers 2021

IELTS Reading- A Complete Set Of Questions With Answers.
This page contains 40 sample questions. Answering these questions allows you to practise for the IELTS reading test. Explanation of answers is provided, so you can understand why the correct answer is correct and why the incorrect answers are incorrect. Practice makes you ready for the test. Questions to Practice based on the real test.

ARTICLE 1 CORNWALL

A love affair that lasts a lifetime
It’s hard not to fall in love with Cornwall. For some, it’s the happy memories of a childhood seaside holiday. For others, it’s the brief fling of a teenage summer. For most it’s a passionate affair that lasts a lifetime…so let the affair begin!

Where is Cornwall? 
Located in the far west of Great Britain, Cornwall is almost completely surrounded by the sea and has a magnificent 300-mile coastline. It is also the location of mainland Great Britain’s most southerly beaches called The Lizard.

What’s so special about it?
There are lots of things Cornwall is loved for; the dramatic coastline with its captivating fishing harbours; the spectacular beaches and the pounding surf that provide a natural playground for a variety of water sports; and of course the Cornish pies and cream teas.

Expect the unexpected 
But there are also lots of things about Cornwall that may surprise you. For instance, the wilderness of Bodmin Moor with its panorama of big skies. There are also many local artists found mainly in West Cornwall, inspired by the naturally stunning landscapes. More recently, Cornwall has become known for a food scene that is even better than London’s.

History and culture
Cornwall also has a tremendous history based on its Celtic roots; its Celtic Cornish culture; the warmth and friendliness of the people; and the unique Cornish language that can be seen in the village names.

Why not visit some of Cornwall’s most iconic experiences. From towering castles, beautiful gardens and places steeped in legends and history, you’ll be spoilt for choice. Here are a few to get you started.

Trebah Garden – near Falmouth
One of the great gardens of Cornwall and rated among the 80 finest gardens in the world, discover the magic of this beautiful Cornish valley garden with over four miles of footpath.

Lanhydrock – Bodmin
Lanhydrock boasts a magnificent late Victorian country house with gardens and a wooded estate. Discover two sides of Victorian life: those ‘below stairs’, and those ‘upstairs’.

Geevor Tin Mine – near Penzance
Geevor tin mine is one of the largest preserved mine sites in the country and a Cornish Mining World Heritage Site. Housed in two acres of listed buildings, Geevor’s collections and guides bring the story of Cornwall’s rich industrial past to life.

 Questions 1-10

Complete the sentences below using ONE WORD from the passage for each answer.

1    Cornwall has the most  …………………….. beaches in Britain.      

   Cornwall is famous for ……..sports.

3     The amazing landscapes have inspired many local …………………….. .

4     Cornwall is now even better than …………………….. for its food and amazing chefs.

5     Cornwall is different from the rest of England because of its …………………….. language.   

6     Cornwall has a lot of tall ……………………..  [towers].

7     Trebah Garden is located near ……………………..   [Falmouth]

8     Trebah Garden has a very long ……………………..   [footpath]

9     The perfect place to discover Victorian lifestyles is …………………….. .        

10   Cornwall has a very large …………………….. mine.

Answers:

 1.   southerly:   It is also the location of mainland Great Britain’s most southerly beaches       called The Lizard.

2.   water: a natural playground for a variety of water sports.

3.   artists: There’s also many local artists found mainly in West Cornwall, inspired by the naturally stunning landscapes.    

4.   London:   More recently, Cornwall has become known for a food scene that is even better than London’s.

5.   Cornish: and the unique Cornish language that can be seen in the village names.

6.   Castles: From towering castles, beautiful gardens.

7.   Falmouth: Trebah Garden – near Falmouth.

8.   footpath: Cornish valley garden with over four miles of footpath.

9.   Lanhydrock:   “Lanhydrock boasts a magnificent late Victorian country house with gardens and wooded estate. Discover two sides of Victorian life: those ‘below stairs’, and those ‘upstairs’.”

10. tin:   Geevor tin mine is one of the largest preserved mine sites in the country. 

ARTICLE 2 SAVANTS

Super heroes like Superman have powers that are the envy of many children and even adults. Yet, we don’t have to read comic books to find people with super powers. These are the savants. They are usually born with these special powers but they usually have severe learning disabilities.

A. Leslie Lemke
Lemke was 15 when he eventually learnt how to walk. When he was 16 he played Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto No. 1. after hearing this piece of music on the television the previous night. He is now able to play any piece of music simply by listening to it once.

B. Orlando Serrell
He was not born a savant. He was ten years old when he was hit on the head with a baseball. Since then he has been able to perform complicated calendar calculations and remember the weather every day from the day of the accident.

C. Kim Peek
Kim was the inspiration for the character played by Dustin Hoffman in the Rain Man. His nickname is “Kimputer” because he has read over 12,000 books and remembers everything about them. He reads two pages at once – his left eye reads the left page and his right eye reads the right page – in 3 seconds!

D. Stephen Wiltshire
When he was nine he learnt to talk but before this he had already developed a love for drawing. After a helicopter ride in Tokyo he drew an accurate and detailed view of the city on a piece of paper 10 metres long!

E. Ellen Boudreaux
Ellen Boudreaux is a blind autistic savant with exceptional musical abilities. She can also walk around without bumping into things. She does this by making little chirping sounds that seem to act like a human sonar.

F. Daniel Tammet
Daniel is exceptionally gifted mathematically and linguistically. He can speak 11 languages fluently and learnt one of them, Icelandic, in 7 days. He appears normal but Daniel contends that he actually had to will himself to learn how to talk to and behave around people.

Questions 1-10
Look at the following statements and the list of savants below.
Match each statement with the correct savant, A-F.

1 This savant learnt one language very quickly and speaks many more.
2 This savant developed extraordinary powers after an accident.
3 This savant plays the piano.
4 This savant inspired a movie.
5 This savant avoids falling over with sonar like ability.
6 This savant loves to draw buildings with incredible accuracy.
7 This savant can play a piece of music after only hearing it once.
8 This savant is blind
9 This savant could not walk until he was a teenager.
10 This savant learned a language in just one week.

A Leslie Lemke
B Orlando Serrell
C Kim Peek
D Stephen Wiltshire
E Ellen Boudreaux
F Daniel Tammet

Answers

1. F:  “He can speak 11 languages fluently and learnt one of them, Icelandic, in 7 days.”
2. B:  “He was ten years old when he was hit on the head with a baseball. Since then he has been able to perform complicated calendar calculations and remember the weather every day from the day of the accident.”
3. A:  “When he was 16 he played Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto No. 1. after hearing this piece of music on the television …”
4. C:   “Kim was the inspiration for the character played by Dustin Hoffman in the Rain Man.”
5. E:   “She can also walk around without bumping into things. She does this by making little chirping sounds that seem to act like a human sonar.”
6. D:   “When he was nine he learnt to talk but before this he had already developed a love for drawing. After a helicopter ride in Tokyo he drew an accurate and detailed view of the city on a piece of paper 10 metres long!”
7. A.  “now able to play any piece of music simply by listening to it once”
8. E:   “Ellen Boudreaux is a blind autistic savant”
9. A.  “Lemke was 15 when he eventually learnt how to walk”
10 F. “learnt one of them, Icelandic, in 7 days    

ARTICLE 3: Mission to Mars

2011 Mars One Founded
In 2011 Bas Lansdorp and Arno Wielders lay the foundation of the Mars One mission plan. Discussion meetings are held with potential suppliers of aerospace components in the USA, Canada, Italy and United Kingdom. A design was made for a mission of permanent human settlement on Mars with technology that already existed. 

2013 Start Crew Selection
In April 2013, the Astronaut Selection Program is launched at press conferences in New York and Shanghai. Round One is an online application open to all nationalities. The selection program proceeds with three additional rounds over the course of two years.  At the end of it around six teams of four individuals are selected for training. A new batch of the Astronaut Selection Program begins every year to replenish the training pool regularly. An analogue of the Mars habitat is constructed on Earth for technology testing and training purposes.

2015 Start of Crew Training
Selected candidates from the first batch of applicants enter full-time training groups. This training continues until the launch in 2024. The group’s ability to deal with prolonged periods of time in a remote location is the most important part of their training. They learn to repair components of the habitat and rover, learn to grow their own food, and train in medical procedures. The first outpost simulation, a Mars-like terrain that is relatively easy to reach is chosen. A second training outpost is located in an Arctic desert.

2018 Demo and Comsat Mission
A Demonstration Mission is launched to Mars in May 2018; it provides proof of concept for some of the technologies that are important for a human mission. A communication satellite is also launched that is placed into a Mars stationary orbit. It enables 24/7 communication between the two planets. It can relay images, videos and other data from the Mars surface.

2020 Rover Mission Launched
One intelligent rover and one trailer are launched. The rover can use the trailer to transport the landers to the outpost location. On Mars, the rover drives around the chosen region to find the best location for the settlement. An ideal location for the settlement is far enough north for the soil to contain enough water, equatorial enough for maximum solar power and flat enough to facilitate construction of the settlement. When the settlement location is determined, the rover prepares the surface for arrival of the cargo missions. It also clears large areas where solar panels will lie. A second communications satellite is launched into orbit around the Sun.

2022 Cargo Missions Launched
Six cargo missions are launched and two living units, two life support systems, and two supply units are sent to Mars in July 2022. In February 2023 all units land on Mars using a rover signal as a beacon.

2023 Outpost Operational
The six cargo units land on Mars, up to 10 km away from the outpost. The rover picks up the first life support unit using the trailer, takes it to the right place, and deploys the thin film solar panel of the life support unit. The rover can now connect to the life support unit to recharge its batteries much faster than using only its own panels, allowing it to do much more work. The rover picks up all the other cargo units and then deploys the thin film solar panel of the second life support unit and the inflatable sections of the living units. The life support unit is connected to the living units by a hose that can transport water, air and electricity.

The life support system is now activated. The rover feeds Martian soil into the life support system. Water is extracted from the Martian soil by evaporating the subsurface ice particles in an oven. The evaporated water is condensed back to its liquid state and stored. Part of the water is used for producing oxygen. Nitrogen and argon, filtered from the Martian atmosphere make up the other components of the breathable air inside the habitat.

  Write the correct letter in boxes 1-10 on your answer sheet.

1.What is the plan to have a permanent human settlement on Mars based on?
 A    new technology  B    new and old technology    C    existing technology

2.How many teams are selected for training?
     A    2                                     B    4                                                     C    6

3.A new training program starts?
     A    annually                        B    regularly                                        C    monthly

4.The most important part of training is learning the ability to?
     A stay in remote locations              B    grow food                C    fix a rover

5. The second training session takes place in?
     A    Mars                             B    Mars like terrain                           C    a desert

6. Part of the mission in 2018 is to ?
Prove we can get to mars    B  land a satellite on mars  C send a satellite near mars?

7. The rover can transport landers by using?
     A   a trailer        B    an outpost location                 C    an intelligent rover

8. How is the ideal site for the settlement found?
     A    GPS                                B    rover                           C    by settlers

9.How does the rover recharge its batteries faster than using its solar panels?
A    from the living units    B    from the life support unit     C    from the sun

10.Where does oxygen come from?
     A    Nitrogen and argon             B    water              C    Martian atmosphere

Answers:

1.  C: paragraph 1:  “A baseline design for a mission of permanent human settlement on Mars            achievable with existing technology is the result.”
2.  C: paragraph 2:   “six teams of four individuals are selected for training.”
3.  A: paragraph 2:   “. A new batch of the Astronaut Selection Program begins every year.”
4.  A: paragraph 3 :  “ability to deal with prolonged periods of time in a remote location is the         most important part of their training.”
5.  C: paragraph 3 :  “A second training outpost is located in an Arctic desert.
6.  C: paragraph 4:   “A communication satellite is also launched that is placed into a Mars stationary orbit.” [note it does not LAND on mars]
7.  A: paragraph 5 :  “The rover can use the trailer to transport the landers to the outpost location.”
8.  B: paragraph 5:   “On Mars, the rover drives around the chosen region to find the best location for the settlement.”
9.  B: paragraph 7:   “The rover can now connect to the life support unit to recharge its batteries much faster than using only its own panels, allowing it to do much more work.”
10.B: paragraph 8:   “Part of the water is used for producing oxygen.”

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