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Topic Sentence

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  • #18454
    Kaique
    Participant

    I have difficulties in constructing topic sentences. Could you please give some advice and examples?

    #18498
    Pulkit Mandal
    Participant

    I have a problem in paraphrasing, I think I’m repeating words a lot.

    #18501
    Mike Wattie
    Keymaster

    I think the best thing you can do is read examples of model answers:

    IELTS Writing Model Answers

    #18511
    Mike Wattie
    Keymaster

    Avoiding repetition is extremely important to score well for vocabulary as you want to show the examiner that you have a wide RANGE of vocabulary. Below are three ways to avoid repetition.

    1.Use pronouns
    Pronouns are words such as:

    he/she/it
    this/that/these/those
    one
    both
    The way these words work is that they refer back to something already mentioned and replace that word. So used well, they help you avoid repeating words and link your writing.
    EXAMPLE: My teacher is kind. He let me turn in my assignment late.

    2.Use Synonyms
    This is a key technique. The idea is that you don’t repeat the word, you use another similar word or phrase. Very often, you will need to use phrases and not individual words to do this well.
    EXAMPLE: My manager is kind. My boss let me turn in my project late.

    3.change word forms
    Sometimes it is often enough to change the form of the word from a verb to a noun or a noun to an adjective. By doing this, you are showing how you can use language flexibly.
    EXAMPLE: My managers are all kind. The management at my company always give the staff gifts.

    When not to rephrase words
    One danger is that you try and change all the words in your writing. That can be a mistake. Sometimes you will need to repeat some words. Here are two times you should consider doing it:

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