Change Over Time Model Answer

Change Over Time Model Answer

The graph below shows the quantities of goods transported in the UK between 1974 and 2002 by four different modes of transport.

quantities of goods transported in the UK plan

Model Answer:

The line graph provides information about how cargo was conveyed by four types of transportation, in the United Kingdom, from 1974 to 2002. Overall, goods sent by all forms of delivery increased.

Products sent by road were the highest throughout the period. In 1974, roughly 70 million tonnes were transported and it gradually increased to about 80 million tonnes over the next 20 years. Around 1994, it started increasing more dramatically and finished the period at just under 100 million tonnes.

Goods conveyed by shipping and railways, the next highest categories, were each about 40 million tonnes in 1974. Around 1978, shipping surpassed rail reaching roughly 58 million tonnes by 1982 and then it plateaued for the next twenty years. During the same period rail freight decreased to approximately 25 million tonnes. By 2002, the tonnage transported by boat increased to 60 million, and railways rose to just over 40 million.

Products sent by pipeline were the lowest in all years. Shipments were only about 7 million tonnes in 1974, but they increased to roughly 22 million tonnes by 1994. They remained at this figure until the end of the period.
[190 words]

Task Analysis:
Time: Multiple periods
Fewest category: Types of transportation
Amount of data: 32 = 8 years x 4 types of transport

1.There is a huge amount of data so you must choose the 10-12 key points and try to combine data as much as possible.
2.Note the spelling of tonnes for this task is different to tons [USA] and that you will get penalised if you write tons.

UK = United Kingdom
Goods = products, cargo, freight
transported = conveyed, moved, shifted, delivered
modes of transport = types of transportation, forms of delivery
road = roadways
water = boat, ship,
rail = train, railway
pipeline = [unlikely you will know what this is so DO NOT rephrase it]

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