Cambridge IELTS 19 writing test task-1 academic report


Read more model answers for Cambridge Book 19 for reports for the Academic IELTS test here:

The graph below gives information on the numbers of participants for different activities at one social centre in Melbourne, Australia for the period 2000 to 2020.

Number of participants, by activity 2000-2020

The line graph presents data from Melbourne, Australia on people engaging in various pursuits at a community centre, from 2000 to 2020. Overall, the movie club and combat sports group had a relatively minor fluctuating trend, ping-pong increased the most, followed by music performances, and the non-professional drama group declined.

Film enthusiasts and martial artists started the period the highest at about 65 and 38 attendees, respectively. The figures had minor fluctuations throughout the period, with the cinema group falling to a nadir of about 60 in 2010 before rising back to roughly the original number by 2020, and the fighters reached a peak of just under 40 before returning to the starting figure in 2020.

Turning to the other categories, amateur theatre and ping-pong started with approximately 25 and 17 people participating, respectively. In 2010, they both had 20 people engaging in them, but then the table tennis players soared to over 50 by 2020, while those in the theatre group plummeted to around 5 people, which was the lowest figure for all activities. Finally, there were no musicians in 2000, but by 2015, it had overtaken the theatre group at around 17, and this number continued to rise and reached a little under 20 by the end of the period.

The plans below show a harbour in 2000 and how it looks today.

The maps illustrate Porth Harbour in 2000 and the changes that have been made to it. Overall, the harbour now has a higher capacity for boats and more facilities.

Starting with 2000, in the far west is Main Rd. running from north to south. At the northern end of the road, there are bathrooms and a car park. Moving eastwards from these is mooring for private yachts, a dock for passenger ships, and then a public beach. Further south down Main Rd., there is a road that runs from eastwards. The western end has a car park, with berthing for fishermen’s boats to the east of it, and then further eastward is a lifeboat. In the southwest of the map is an unused castle and a public beach.

Regarding changes, in the west, the areas for private yachts and fishing ships have been switched, and an extra dock for passenger boats has been added. Further south, the southernmost car park is now accessed off Main Rd., and bathrooms have been added. Moving to the east, a café and some stores were erected. In the southeast, the castle has been converted into a hotel, and the adjacent beach is now restricted to hotel guests.

The diagram below shows how a biofuel called ethanol is produced.

Biofuel production: how ethanol is made

The process diagram illustrates how ethanol is made. Overall, eight steps are involved in the cyclical process that starts with flora absorbing sunlight and CO2, and ends with vehicles emitting carbon dioxide back into the earth’s atmosphere to start the cycle again.

The first four steps involve preparing material for processing. In the first stage, CO2 and sunlight are absorbed by arboreal species. Subsequently, a tractor harvests the foliage, which is then sent to a shredder to be pre-processed. Next, the shredder emits cellulose, which is then sent to a facility to be processed.

Processing starts with converting the cellulose into sugar molecules, and then, when microbes are added to it, ethanol is created. This ethanol is then used in the transportation industry for cars, trucks, and planes. These vehicles running on ethanol emit carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which then starts the cycle again as photosynthetic organisms assimilate it.

The charts below give information on the location and types of dance classes young people in a town in Australia are currently attending.

The pie chart presents data on where young people in an Australian town are taking dance classes, and the bar graph shows the different types of dance classes they are enrolled in. Overall, most lessons are held in private studios, and there is an inverse relationship between the younger and older age groups in terms of their participation in different dance genres.

Looking first at the locations of the classes, private studios topped the list at 48%. This was followed by school auditoriums and community venues with 24% and 18%, respectively. The lowest proportion was held in collegiate centres, at a significantly lower 10%.

Turning to the class genres, ballet had the highest number of younger students, at 600, and the lowest number of older students, with just under 300. Conversely, contemporary dance had the highest number of older dancers, at over 500, but only 300 younger participants. Tap dancing had slightly more of the younger group than the older group, at approximately 450 and 425, respectively.

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