Model answers for Cambridge IELTS Book 19 Task 2 Essays Academic Test. Learn from my model answers so that you can get the score you need. Written by Mike Wattie, ex-IELTS examiner and author.

Read model answers to prepare for the sort of questions you might get in your test and see some ways of answering them. I suggest you can use these model answers as follows:

  1. Read the task instructions
  2. Think about how YOU would respond to them
  3. Read my model answer and see if you were RIGHT!
  4. Reread the models and learn from the paraphrasing of keywords, the structure of the tasks, and use of language to develop main ideas.

Some people think that competition at work, at school and in daily life is a good thing. Others believe that we should try to cooperate more, rather than competing against each other.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Many people believe rivalry is beneficial across various domains, including professional arenas, educational institutions, and daily life, while others advocate for a cooperative approach to achieving success. This essay explores both perspectives and argues for the necessity of integrating both strategies for the benefit of individuals and society.

Advocates of competition argue that it leads to two primary advantages. Firstly, competition can motivate individuals to strive for excellence, pushing their boundaries and fostering creativity. This is because competitive environments act as catalysts for people to find hidden talents and capabilities when endeavouring to outperform their peers. Moreover, exposure to challenges and the possibility of failure builds resilience, teaching individuals to endure setbacks and persist in adverse situations. This means that the collective society will be stronger and able to withstand adversity when it occurs.

However, proponents of collaboration also present compelling arguments. The main one is that cooperation promotes teamwork and collective problem-solving by leveraging diverse skills and perspectives to achieve shared goals. This collaborative approach enhances productivity and strengthens outcomes for all involved. Additionally, cooperation fosters unity within communities by working together toward common objectives, contributing to a more inclusive and empathetic society. This leads to social cohesion and enhanced collective resilience to face challenges and recover from adversities, whether they be economic downturns, natural disasters, or social upheavals.

In conclusion, both competition and collaboration offer valuable contributions to societal and individual success. However, a balanced approach that integrates healthy competition with cooperative efforts is crucial for individuals and society to reach the pinnacle of success. This dual approach allows individuals to harness their competitive drive for personal growth while collaborating effectively to achieve common objectives of society. Ultimately, this synergistic approach contributes to a harmonious and inclusive social fabric.

The working week should be shorter and workers should have a longer weekend.
Do you agree or disagree?

The proposal of reducing the working week and extending the weekend for employees is a contentious matter. I strongly oppose this notion because it could diminish overall productivity and adversely affect businesses and the economy.

The main reason I oppose a shorter workweek with longer weekends is because it could lead to a decline in overall productivity. Many industries and businesses depend on the existing five-day workweek to maintain a smooth workflow and meet deadlines efficiently. Shortening the workweek could disrupt this balance, making it difficult to complete projects on time. For instance, when my company, which produces garage doors, tested a shorter workweek, frequent disruptions in production schedules occurred, causing missed delivery deadlines for customers.

Furthermore, I believe that a shorter working week could adversely affect a business’s profitability. Many companies operate with tight budgets, and reducing working hours could increase operational costs due to the necessity of additional shifts or hiring more staff to cover the company’s operational hours. This change could be particularly challenging for small businesses already struggling with limited resources. For example, a small retail business I consulted for discovered that cutting employee hours required them to hire part-time staff, which increased payroll expenses and disrupted service continuity, ultimately leading to financial strain and decreased customer satisfaction. This financial burden could potentially lead to bankruptcies, harming the broader economy.

In conclusion, I completely disagree with the proposal to shorten the working week and extend the weekend. The potential reduction in productivity and the negative impact on businesses’ financial stability are significant concerns. Therefore, maintaining the current workweek structure is crucial for ensuring consistent productivity and supporting economic stability.

It is important for everyone, including young people, to save money for their future.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

The practice of setting aside money for the future is often regarded as essential for everyone, including juveniles. I fully support this viewpoint due to the security it provides and the opportunities it generates.

I believe that accumulating savings is vital because it ensures financial security. Savings can help individuals manage unexpected expenses or emergencies without falling into debt. For example, during my university years, I made it a point to save a portion of my part-time job earnings. This habit proved invaluable when I faced an unforeseen vehicle expense. Instead of resorting to high-interest loans or credit cards, I was able to cover the cost using my savings, thereby avoiding financial stress and ensuring my studies were not disrupted.

Moreover, setting aside money is crucial as it creates future opportunities. Having a financial cushion allows individuals to make significant life decisions, such as pursuing higher education, starting a business, or buying a home, without being constrained by immediate financial limitations. For instance, a close friend of mine saved money throughout his teenage years from mowing lawns. When he graduated from high school, he had sufficient money to launch his own lawn-mowing business, which has since become highly successful. This illustrates how prudent saving can lead to substantial personal and professional growth.

In conclusion, I completely believe in the importance of saving money for the future, especially for juveniles. The financial security and opportunities that savings provide are invaluable. Therefore, cultivating the habit of saving early in life is essential for ensuring a stable and prosperous future.

In many countries nowadays, consumers can go to a supermarket and buy food produced all over the world.
Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

In many nations, consumers have the chance to visit grocery stores and buy food products from across the globe. I view this development somewhat favourably because it broadens the range of grocery choices and promotes globalisation; however, it may have negative impacts on the environment.

I see this advancement positively because it provides consumers with a wide variety of food options. Access to international food products allows people to enjoy diverse cuisines and ingredients that would otherwise be unavailable. For example, in my experience, I have been able to purchase exotic fruits like dragon fruit and kiwis at my local supermarket, which has broadened my culinary horizons.

Furthermore, I consider it favourable because it supports global trade and economies. By importing food from various countries, supermarkets help create economic connections and support farmers and producers worldwide. For instance, the availability of fair-trade coffee and chocolate in my supermarket ensures that I receive high-quality products while guaranteeing that farmers in developing nations are compensated fairly.

However, a significant drawback is the environmental impact of transporting food over long distances. The carbon footprint associated with shipping and airfreighting food from one country to another contributes to global warming and environmental degradation. For instance, I have noticed that some products, such as avocados from Mexico, travel thousands of miles to reach my supermarket, raising concerns about the sustainability of such practices.

In conclusion, I am somewhat positive about the availability of global food products in supermarkets. This is because the variety of food choices and economic benefits of trade outweigh the environmental drawbacks. I also believe that the environmental damage from transportation that it causes will be mitigated by the forthcoming green energy in the near future.

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