Model answers for Cambridge IELTS Book 16 Task 2 Essays. Learn from my model answers so that you can get the score you need. Written by Mike Wattie, IELTS examiner and author.
In some countries, more people are becoming interested in finding out about the history of the house or building they live in.
What are the reasons for this?
How can people research this question?
In many nations, people have an increasing fascination with learning about the background of their place of residence. This essay discusses some of the motives for this as well as how people can unearth this kind of information.
There are two main reasons for this phenomenon. The primary one is due to concern over potential building problems. By examining past records of ones place of abode the structural soundness of the building can be determined. Moreover, many people like to verify that high-quality building materials were used. Another factor is due to curiosity. Many people wonder about who has lived in their house in the past and delight over the potential discovery of previous occupancy by a famous person.
There are many methods to discover the history of a building. The most effective one is to check public records. From these records we are able to determine who the building was built by and blueprints of the structural integrity of the construction. Another effective method is to simply ask neighbours. In many cases, neighbours have been living in the area for a long time and have a wealth of information. Furthermore, houses in the same neighbourhood often share many characteristics.
In conclusion, the main reasons why people are interested in discovering the background of their places of residence is due to concern over the structural soundness of the premises as well as a natural curiosity. The best ways to find out this information are to search public records or simply ask around the neighbourhood.
In their advertising, businesses nowadays usually emphasise that their products are new in some way.
Why is this?
Do you think it is a positive or negative development?
Companies often advertise their merchandise as having novel features. The reason for this is that product differentiation is often critical to convincing consumers to purchase. This is a progressive development as it leads to more informed consumers.
The motivation for commercials to highlight product innovations is to persuade consumers to purchase the featured products. By communicating the unique features of a product consumers may be convinced to purchases it. This is because they will see the featured product as being better than others. For instance, every time Apple releases a new version of their I-phone the new features of it are clearly articulated to potential purchasers. This highlights the value that can be derived from upgrading your phone to the latest version of the Apple brand, which increases the likelihood of a purchase.
This is phenomenon is highly beneficial to consumers as they become more informed shoppers. By having the information about a products unique and novel features savvy consumers are able to make product comparisons and choose the exact product that best suits their unique circumstances. For instance, I purchased an I-phone 12 because I saw that it has the highest camera resolution of all phones currently available. As an amateur photographer, the purchase of this phone ensures that I can take the best photos possible with a smartphone, and this feature was well worth the high price tag to me.
In conclusion, companies are choosing to advertise the new features of their products as a way of convincing shoppers to purchase their products. This is a highly constructive phenomenon as it is leading to more informed consumers who are making better purchasing decisions.
Many manufactured food and drink products contain high levels of sugar, which causes many health problems. Sugary products should be made more expensive to encourage people to consume less sugar.
Do you agree or disagree?
Many people believe that food and beverages that are high in sugar should be sold at high prices to discourage people from consuming these unhealthy products. I totally disagree because I think that it is unfair to consumers charge more for these products and also because there are other more effective ways to discourage consumption of these types of goods.
The main reason why I believe these products should not be made more expensive is that it is unfair to shoppers. These types of goods, when consumed in moderation, are not a health risk and therefore it does not seem reasonable that everybody who consumes these goods should have to pay more. Furthermore, for people on a tight budget, a sweet snack is an affordable luxury. However, if prices are hiked this might put people’s favourite snack out of reach.
In addition, there are more effective ways to decrease the consumption of sugary goods. The best way is for the government to engage in public service advertising to educate the public about the need to eat these types of products in moderation. This type of approach has been useful with other vices such as alcohol and cigarettes and so it seems reasonable that it will also work for sugary products. Another effective way to decrease the consumption is to ban advertising of these types of products. I feel this will be effective because it will create less of a psychological desire to consume these types of goods.
In conclusion, I am totally against increasing the price of confectionery. This is because it is not fair to consumers and there are better ways to reduce consumption of these sugary goods.
In the future all cars, buses, and trucks will be driverless. The only people travelling inside these vehicles would be passengers.
Do you think the advantages of driverless vehicles outweigh the disadvantages?
Technological advances are leading towards all vehicles becoming automated and not having a driver. I believe the merits of this far exceed the drawbacks.
The main benefit of this phenomenon is the increase in safety. The absence of a driver means that human error can be totally eliminated. More precisely, car accidents will no longer result from a lapse of concentration or poor judgment in the operation of a vehicle. For example, there will no longer be an issue with intoxicated drivers getting behind the wheel and endangering themselves and others on the road.
In addition, it will be more enjoyable for all occupants of a vehicle as no one will have to perform driving duties. People who would have been drivers can now relax during a journey. For instance, they will be able to watch movies or interact with their friends on social media while travelling. Furthermore, the stress of a long drive can be avoided, meaning that they can arrive at the destination in a more relaxed state.
However, there are likely to be cyber-criminals who will attempt to take advantage of this situation. Hackers may seize control of these vehicles and use them for their own nefarious purposes. For example, a hacker could use an automated vehicle as a getaway vehicle or to block traffic in order to evade the police. Even worse, they could hack into police vehicles rendering them useless in a chase.
In conclusion, I believe that the positives of this phenomenon greatly outweigh the negatives. This is because the increase in safety and enjoyment when travelling surpass the threat posed by cyber-criminals. Therefore, this new technology should be embraced.
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