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two question essay

TWO Question Essay
(Problem & Solution)

This is one of the three types of essays in the IELTS writing exam. You should learn how to structure each type of essay, as each of the three questions requires a different structure.

Write 250 words on the following topic

The use of illegal drugs, such as heroin and cocaine, are becoming

more and more common in many countries.

What are some of the problems associated with drug abuse, and what

are some of the possible solutions?

 

Steps in Planning your Essay 

  1. Underline key vocabulary in the question and write words with the same or related meaning.
  2. Decide what kind of response is needed.
  3. Brainstorm key points for the answer.
  4. Plan the structure of your essay as below:.

 

 Essay Part  Contents
 Introduction

 Paraphrase the question State specific topic

This essay will look at……

 Paragraph 2

 Topic sentence: introduce problemsProblem 1 Example

Problem 2 Example

 Paragraph 3

 Topic sentence: Introduce solutionsSolution 1 More Info

Solution 2 More Info

 Conclusion

Summarise problems and solutions

Opinion/recommendation

 

Steps in Writing your Essay 

  1. Write the start of the introduction by paraphrasing the question.
  2. Write the second part of your introduction based on the structure of your essay.
  3. Write your topic sentences based on the points you have brainstormed.
  4. Write supporting sentences that directly relate to your topic sentences.
  5. Conclusion: The first part is a summary of your main points.
  6. Conclusion: The second part is your opinion or recommendation based on your SUMMARY.

 

Model Essay 
Drug abuse is becoming increasingly serious in many nations. Although drugs threaten many societies, their effects can also be combated successfully. This essay looks at some of the problems caused by drug use on society, and suggests some solutions to the problems.

Drug abuse causes multiple problems for countries and communities. The medical effects are very obvious. Addicts abuse their bodies and neglect their health and, and so eventually require expensive treatment or hospitalization. In some cases, such as Marilyn Monroe, a drug overdose even leads to death. The second effect is crime. People who take drugs become crazy and irrational and often cause harm and danger to themselves and others.

However, the menace of drugs can be fought. Education is the main way to tackle this issue. People need to be aware of the effects so that they can avoid this problem. Children need to be told at home and in school about the dangers and need for avoiding drugs. The government could also use infomercials to educate their citizens. A second approach is to increase police manpower and powers to stop dealers and to enforce the law.

In conclusion, Drug abuse is a serious issue because it causes harmful effects on people’s health and people who are high often commit crimes. The best approaches to deal with it are to educate the public about its effects and also to give the police more power to fight drug related crimes. Although the problem is unlikely to be entirely eliminated in the short term there are concrete steps to reduce the effects it is having on the current society.

[270 words]

 

Generating Ideas

PROBLEMS
Medical problems: physical problems (heart, lungs, cardiovascular system). Psychological problems (addiction, depression, schizophrenia)
Criminal problems: theft, smuggling, violence
SOLUTIONS
Education system:, schools, aperents, awareness campaigns, , advertising, counselling
Legal system, stricter laws (the death penalty), more police officers to fight drugs

Vocabulary

Drug abuse = drug addiction
Drugs: heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, narcotics,
Drug user =  addict,  victim of drug abuse,  user
Drugs =  illegal substances
Common =  widespread, rife, prevalent, ubiquitous
Country = societies, nations, communities
Solutions  = solve, remedies
Problems = issues, difficulties, troubles

Different Types of IELTS Essays

 

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